If your doctor recommends heart surgery for you, you might imagine a surgeon performing open-heart surgery. However, technology has made it possible now to perform heart surgeries through a small incision. The benefits of minimally invasive heart surgery include lesser trauma and bleeding, fewer infections, and a faster recovery. Such surgeries involve making smaller incisions, sometimes it is just a keyhole, and are performed with or without putting robotics to use. This approach is helpful in the case of three types of surgeries.
Heart Valve Surgeries
The repair or replacement of a valve is often the most minimally invasive heart surgery procedure. Typically, these surgeries are performed through small incisions that are made on the side of the chest over the breast bone using a special tool. Sometimes, a robot is employed for assistance.
In traditional heart surgery, a 6 to 8 inches long incision is made over the sternum (center of the breastbone). However, recent technological advancements allow the incision to be reduced to about 2 to 4 inches. In addition to reducing blood loss and pain, it causes less scarring. Moreover, the hospital stay will be cut down. When performing valve surgery with the help of robots, a specially designed computer monitor for controlling the surgical tools.
The arms of the robot can easily and gently ease their way through a 1- to 2-inch long incision on the right side of the chest. The surgeon then controls the endoscopic tools and opens up the pericardium (the sac that surrounds the heart) and performs the surgery.
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
The small-incision approach is helpful for coronary artery bypass grafting or CABG. The incision is made either on the center or side of the chest. Generally, this approach is reserved for patients that need one/two bypass grafts. The CABG involves bypassing one or more blocks on coronary arteries using a blood vessel graft and restoring the normal flow of blood to the heart.
Patient’s veins and arteries in the chest, arm, or leg is used for grafting. The goals of the CABG surgery in Navi Mumbai are relieving coronary artery disease symptoms, enabling the patient to a normal lifestyle, and lowering the chances of a heart attack and developing other heart problems.
Surgical Procedures for the Aorta
Some aortic procedures like Type B dissection can also be performed through the small incision approach. The aorta of patients suffering from high blood pressure or connective tissue disease sometimes develops a tear in the lining. The blood flow through the aorta can be compared with that of the water passing through a garden hose. As and when a tear develops, the blood starts seeping through the artery’s lining.
In the case of a Type B dissection, the tear occurs in that part of the aorta passing through your chest as well as abdomen for supplying blood to the organs and extremities. The aorta could be repaired only by way of open surgery in the past. Now, it is possible to fix it with the help of minimally invasive surgery and using a stent. A tiny tube is inserted through the patient’s groin into the aorta and it is expanded to seal the tear. The torn portion of the artery kept open.
How Is the Best Approach Chosen?
If you live in Mumbai and want to know which approach is best for you, then you must visit the best cardiac surgery hospital in Navi Mumbai and consult with a heart surgeon who is experienced in all approaches. You can work with the surgeon to decide the best approach for fixing your problem. The MPCT Hospital, a multispecialty hospital, is one of the best CABG surgery in Mumbai. The cardiology department of the hospital is manned by some of the best cardiac surgeons in India and is equipped with cutting edge facilities. Call today to find out whether minimally invasive surgery is right for your heart problem.