A majority of pancreatic cancer cases are diagnosed only in stage IV. At this stage, the disease has most likely spread to other organs in the body and the prognosis is likely to be bad. It is, therefore, important to educate oneself about pancreatic cancer as well as your family history of this disease. This can help to save your near and dear.
Late Detection of Pancreatic Cancer
In most cases, lack of any symptoms may be the reason why pancreatic cancer is detected in its advanced stages in an individual. Many patients with pancreatic cancer fail to notice anything wrong with their bodies until the disease has affected other parts of their body. Sometimes symptoms such as bloating and other issues of the stomach that occur due to pancreatic cancer are attributed to less serious issues. Some of the very serious warnings of pancreatic cancer include jaundice, dark-colored urine, unexplained and sudden weight loss, etc.
Pancreatic Cancer – Risk Assessment
Whereas those at average risk for pancreatic cancer are not recommended to subject themselves to standard screening procedures, those at high risk are recommended for the same. The risk factors that stand to increase your chances of contracting pancreatic cancer include the following.
Age is a major risk factor for pancreatic cancer. A majority of pancreatic cancer patients are older than 45 and about two-thirds are over 65. The average age when this type of cancer is diagnosed is 70 years.
It has been observed that males are more likely to develop pancreatic cancer than when compared to females. This is sometimes attributed to a higher amount of use of tobacco by men. This raises the risk of pancreatic cancer.
#3: Family History
Pancreatic cancer, sometimes, seems to be an inherited disease. In other cases, the gene that causes pancreatic cancer is unknown. It has been observed that a majority of those who get pancreatic cancer does not seem to have a family history of the disease.
It is seen that people with diabetes have greater chances of developing pancreatic cancer. The highest risk is found in those with type 2 diabetes, though it is not known why. The onset of this type of diabetes starts in adulthood and when one is obese or overweight. There has been no finding related to whether those with type 1 diabetes stand a higher risk of developing pancreatic cancer.
#5: Chronic Pancreatitis
This is caused when the pancreas remains inflamed for a long time. This also ups the risk factor for pancreatic cancer especially in those who smoke tobacco. However, most people with pancreatitis are not seen to develop pancreatic cancer. But these individuals with the inflamed pancreas, because of a familial factor, remain at high risk for pancreatic cancer.
#6: Genetic Syndromes – Hereditary
Mutations of genes are usually transmitted from the parent to the child. These mutations roughly cause pancreatic cancers at a rate of about 10 percent. These mutations also hike up the risk for other types of cancers as well as other health issues.
Other genetic syndromes that can lead to pancreatic cancer are:
- Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
- Genetic mutation of P16, PALB2 or Lynch Syndrome displayed in those (child, parent, sibling) who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer
- You had a genetic mutation of BRCA2 and your sibling, child, or parent was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer
MPCT Hospital – Best Cancer Hospital in Mumbai
AT MPCT Hospital, Mumbai, we provide facilities for the multidisciplinary screening of pancreatic cancer for those that require the same. High-risk pancreatic cancer patients are screened twice a year to check the development of the disease. Any abnormality detected is immediately referred to our team of expert oncologists for further investigations and evaluation.
In case you are looking out for Pancreatic Cancer Diagnosis in Mumbai or have concerns about your pancreatic health, you can get in touch with our team of oncologists who will help you. Our mission is to help to detect cancer in its earliest stages possible to improve the prognosis of the patient.