The belief that tobacco chewing is healthier compared to smoking is incorrect. It is not known to cause lung cancer like smoking, but chewing tobacco or other tobacco products that do not produce smoke might increase the risk of you contracting many types of mouth, head, and neck cancers. They include squamous cell carcinoma and esophageal as well as pancreatic cancer. According to an oncology expert at MPCT Hospital, the best cancer hospital in Mumbai, people believe for some vague reason that tobacco chewing is less risky than smoking though it is actually highly risky in many ways as they tend to increase the concentration of not only tobacco but also nicotine and many other carcinogenic additives in one specific part of the mouth.
Squamous cell carcinoma, the second most commonly occurring type of skin cancer, often appears anywhere in your head and neck region. People that chew tobacco are at the risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma in their mouths. The mucosa layer or the outermost tissue lining on the inside of your mouth, including the cheeks and lips, are made up of squamous cells. When you chew tobacco, the squamous cells of the skin are directly in contact with tobacco and various other carcinogenic additives. Typically, you will keep the tobacco you are chewing on at the back of your cheek or in the pocket underneath your bottom lip. The product will just sit there and it is directly absorbed by the mucosa’s outermost layer.
Warning Signs of Mouth Cancer
Typically, the squamous cell carcinoma starts as something that is harmless. It starts as a small red or white bump inside the mouth. You may not expect it to be harmful and might believe that it will go away within a few days. The problem is when it persists and doesn’t go away. If the lesion does not subside even after removing the cause of the problem such as tobacco chewing, sharp tooth, or cheek biting, that is really a problem and it is a warning sign that should not be neglected. Typically, the area should be observed for approximately two weeks. If it does not go away, a biopsy needs to be done. Therefore, you must immediately visit either your dentist or the head and neck specialist for any of the issues that you have in your mouth that doesn’t heal.
The development of a condition referred to as submucous fibrosis is another warning sign. In this case, there will be inflammation in the jaw and it becomes stiff over time. This prevents you from fully opening your mouth. What happens is you will experience difficulty in opening your mouth as you cannot stretch your jaw as you used to because of the fibrosis. This condition, referred to as a premalignant lesion, can progress into cancer. If you have oral submucous fibrosis, it is important that you are observed very carefully by your dentist or doctor.
If you are in the habit of chewing tobacco, you should get rid of the habit to reduce your cancer risk and keep observing the changes, if any, in your mouth. Early detection is very helpful in the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma. Detection at the stage-I level of the tumor when it remains localized helps in preventing it from spreading to other parts of your body. Further, it increases the chances of a good prognosis. However, if you wait and allow cancer to spread to the lymph node and other parts of your body, it decreases your survival rate drastically.
Choosing Best Cancer Hospital in Mumbai
If you are wondering as to which hospital is the best for mouth cancer diagnosis in Mumbai, it is undoubtedly the MPCT Hospital. The oncology team in the hospital is the best in the country and you can book an appointment to discuss in detail all the concerns that you may have.