About 99% of the time, cervical cancers are triggered by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). HPV is a common virus that can be transferred from one person to another person during intercourse. Some types of HPV can lead to changes in a woman’s cervix that can cause cervical cancer over a period of time, while other HPV types can be a cause for genital or skin warts. Many patients have some common questions to ask for our best gynecologic oncologists in Mumbai, and they have some answers. Our expert gynecologic oncologists in Mumbai have come up with the answers for your most common questions related to cervical cancer prevention, screening, and treatment.
- Is cervical cancer genetic?
Almost all (99%) cervical cancers are caused by HPV and are typically not genetic.
- If I have HPV, will I get cervical cancer?
Though HPV is a cause of cervical cancer, the majority of women who have been exposed to or suffering from HPV infection, will not develop cervical cancer. The only reason to worry is when women fail to cure HPV infection on its own or suffer from prolonged HPV infection. In such cases, it can lead to cervical dysplasia which can turn into cervical cancer over a period of time.
During a diagnosis process (PAP Test), our expert cervical oncologist will check for HPV as a part of the screening protocol to check if the woman might be at an increased risk of developing cervical cancer or cervical dysplasia.
- What are the screening tests for cervical cancer?
A cervical cancer screening test is called Pap Test. During this test, the gynecologist will collect cells from your cervix and test them for any premalignant cells. It is always advised to undergo an annual gynecology check-up for your general health. Apart from the Pap test, HPV testing may also be used as a screening test along with a Pap test or independent test depending on the medical history, age factor, and other risk factors.
- How is cervical cancer treated?
Treatment of your cervical cancer depends on your condition, size of cancer and the area over which it has spread. Surgery, Radiation, or chemotherapy are the three main treatments prescribed alone or in combination. In some cases, surgery may involve complete removal of the uterus and cervix also known as hysterectomy. Radiation or/and chemotherapy is preferred in the can of an advanced stage of cervical cancer. If cervical cancer is spread outside of pelvic and over other body organs, then expert oncologists may recommend treatment with chemotherapy only.
- Is cervical cancer contagious?
No, cervical cancer is not contagious; however, HPV the virus which leads to cervical cancer is contagious.
- Can cervical polyps be cancerous?
Polyps are benign in most cases, however, if a cervical polyps is diagnosed during your gynecological examination, it is advised to be screened to determine whether it’s benign or cancerous.
- Are cervical cancer and breast cancer linked?
As of now, there is no such evidence or known links between breast cancer and cervical cancer.
If you have any other questions about cervical cancer or worried about cervical health get in touch with the best gynecologist in Navi Mumbai at MPCT Hospital. MPCT hospital is one of the leading cancer hospitals in India, which houses cutting edge technology and healthcare team led by an expert oncologist in Mumbai.