Brain Cancer: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Brain Cancer is one of the deadliest types of cancers, known to affect only a small percentage of people. This form of cancer originates in the brain or may be a result of cancer that began elsewhere in the body and spread to the brain. Unlike other cancer, brain tumors can cause changes to a person’s thought process and behavior, making it essential for timely treatment to be conducted. Here is everything you should know about Brain Cancer.

What is Brain Cancer?

Excessive growth of abnormal cells in the brain, which form masses or clumps, is called brain tumors. These tend to grow quickly and affect the functioning of the mind and body. There are two main forms of Brain Cancer:
Primary Brain Cancer– This is referred to as cancer that begins in the brain.
Metastatic Brain Cancer– This occurs when cancer that originates in another part of the body spreads to the brain.

What are the causes of Brain Cancer?

The exact cause of Brain Cancer is unknown, especially since there are numerous types of Brain Cancer, depending on the location, grade, and origination of the tumor. In the case of metastatic brain cancer, cancers that have a greater risk of spreading to the brain are breast cancer, kidney cancer, lung cancer, and bladder cancer. Though there are no exact causes, there are a few risk factors for Brain Cancer.
• Smoking or tobacco use
• Aging
• Working with cancer-causing materials such as plastic, rubber, lead, petroleum, etc.
• Chemical exposure, such as pesticides, fertilizers, etc.
• Certain infections

What are the symptoms of Brain Cancer?

Patients with Brain Cancer typically experience symptoms such as:
• Frequent, unexplained nausea or vomiting
• Constant headaches
• Difficulties in speech
• Lack of coordination and balance
• Problems with vision
• Sudden mood or personality changes
• Confusion in daily function

How is Brain Cancer diagnosed?

If you exhibit any symptoms of the condition, the specialist may conduct certain tests for a Brain Cancer diagnosis.
• Imaging tests such as MRI or PET CT scan
• Neurological exam
• Biopsy, to examine the tumor

What are the treatments for Brain Cancer?

Depending on the type and severity of Brain Cancer, a particular treatment plan will be crafted.
Surgery
Tumors may either be inoperable or operable, based on their location and size. The most common method of treatment for operable tumors is surgery, to remove the full, or part of the tumor.

Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy
These are commonly conducted in conjunction or one after the other. Chemotherapy uses medication which destroys the cancer cells in the brain, or to shrink large tumors. Radiation therapy used radiation, or high energy waves, for the same purpose.

Though Brain Cancer can be devastating to the mind and body, it is possible to overcome the condition with timely treatment and expert doctors who are able to conduct the appropriate treatment with efficiency. MPCT Hospital is among the leading multi-specialty hospitals in Mumbai, India, providing world-class healthcare to patients from all over. With cutting-edge technology and equipment, our state-of-the-art healthcare center values technological innovation, enabling safe, positive outcomes for each patient. Our industry experts work as a team, consulting on each case using their wealth of experience, providing excellent medical care across a spectrum of disciplines. Get in touch with our healthcare team for an accurate diagnosis and expert treatment under one roof.

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