Rheumatic Heart Disease

What is Rheumatic Heart Disease?

Rheumatic Heart Disease is a serious complication that occurs after a rheumatic fever often leading to heart failure if left untreated. Most common children or adolescents, rheumatic fever is an inflammatory autoimmune disease that occurs due to strep throat or scarlet fever. The connective tissues of the heart, joints, skin, and brain swell up, leading to damage of the heart valves due to inflammation.

What are the symptoms of Rheumatic Heart Disease?

Though the rheumatic heart disease symptoms may keep changing with time, there are a few symptoms to look out for after you have suffered rheumatic fever.

  • Palpitations
  • Chest pain
  • Constant weakness and fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • The frequent thumping feeling in the chest
  • Swollen stomach, wrist, and ankles

What are the causes of Rheumatic Heart Disease?

The main cause of the condition is Group A Streptococcus, that causes rheumatic fever. There are a few reasons why one might come in contact with the virus.

  • Unclean water
  • Exposure to sick people
  • Improper sanitation facilities
  • Hereditary
  • Strep bacteria exposure

How can Rheumatic Heart Disease be prevented?

Though you may never know when you are exposed to the virus, there are a few precautions that can be taken to avoid the risk of Rheumatic fever.

  • Regular washing of hands
  • Covering your mouth while sneezing or coughing
  • Keeping a distance from sick people

How is Rheumatic Heart Disease diagnosed?

If you have been diagnosed with rheumatic fever, the doctor may regularly conduct checkups to ensure that the damage has not caused further damage to your body. There are a few tests that determine Rheumatic Heart Disease.

  • Medical history analysis
  • X-Ray
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Physical Examination
  • Echocardiogram

How is Rheumatic Heart Disease Treated?

Once diagnosed with the condition, the doctor will give you medication to protect you from contracting rheumatic fever again, and to prevent the growth of the virus within the valves of your heart. There are a few rheumatic heart disease treatment.

  • Antibiotics
  • Surgery
  • Balloon Insertion

Antibiotics treat the infection and prevent the growth of the virus in your heart valves.

Why MPCT Hospital?

The Heart Institute at MPCT hospital in Mumbai provides the best heart disease treatments in India that affect numerous patients. Using cutting-edge technology, the team of physicians diagnoses and treats the occurrence of rheumatic heart disease and other conditions with a focus and commitment towards achieving positive outcomes. Our esteemed cardiologists and highly trained staff work towards providing optimum patient care and treatments, promoting a safe environment conducive to healing and success.

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