Lung Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

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Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer is a type of cancer that begins to form changes in the cells of the lungs due to various factors like chronic smoking, genetic changes, chemical pollutants etc. This can either remain in the lungs, or spread to other parts of the body. Though all lung tumors may not be cancerous, most instances where the lung cells begin on to change are malignant tumors that must be treated immediately. There are multiple types of cells, which divide mainly into cells of two types of lung cancer, small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Small cell lung cancer grows and spreads quickly, but can be treated with chemotherapy when caught on time. However, non-small lung cancer is much more dangerous, along with being tougher to treat with several modalities on the basis of staging and programming conducted on the tumour.

Lung Cancer Symptoms

Lung cancer symptoms, when looked at separately can be harder to identify, as they are similar to other diseases. However, when these show up in a group, it is advised to seek an accurate diagnosis.

  • Chest pain
  • Frequent coughing
  • Face or neck swelling
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Joint or bone pain
  • Constant fatigue or weakness
  • Difficulty swallowing water or food
  • Hemophysis (blood in sputum)

Lung Cancer Causes

The causes of lung cancer are fairly straightforward, either being direct or indirect. However, there are many cases where the below listed lung cancer causes may not have been the reason for the condition to occur.

  • First or Second-hand smoking
  • Chronic tobacco use
  • Exposure to chemicals such as silica, arsenic, etc.
  • Contact with radioactive gas, radon.
  • Air pollutants

Lung Cancer Prevention

Preventing lung cancer is fairly easier than other forms of cancers. Here are some steps you can take, to ensure that your risk of contracting the disease is minimized.

  • Avoid smoking or being around smokers
  • Avoid any tobacco use
  • Exercise regularly
  • Include plenty of fiber in your diet
  • Undergo regular check-ups & cancer screening in case of any symptoms

Lung Cancer Diagnosis

After your preliminary assessment, the doctor conducts various tests for lung cancer diagnosis, such as.

  • PET/CT Scan
  • Needle Biopsies
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Sputum Cytology
  • Staging tests
  • Molecular testing

Lung Cancer Treatment

The doctor first assesses the type and stage of cancer, after which the appropriate lung cancer treatment can be carried out. There are 3 primary treatments for lung cancer.

  • Removing a part of the lung:
    Cancer in the initial stage can be cured by removing a part of the lung, which prevents it from spreading further.
  • Chemotherapy/ Radiation Therapy:
    Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy help treat or suppress the cancer, especially in cases where surgery is not an option.

Why MPCT Hospital?

The Cancer Institute at MPCT is renowned for administering the highest quality treatments to patients afflicted with different types of cancer. Our surgeons and oncologists have years of experience in diagnosing and treating various forms of cancer. The organ specific divisions of the Cancer Institute allow for a comprehensive treatment, specialized towards treating each form of cancer. We use the latest cutting-edge technology, which ensures accuracy and efficiency in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. Our staff, nurses, etc, are highly trained, and committed towards giving their best effort in each procedure and service offered. MPCT in Mumbai, India  hospital ensures that the highest standards are maintained at all times, giving each patient their best chance of recovery, with safe and ethical treatments, along with compassionate care.


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