What is Coronary Artery Disease?
Coronary Artery Disease is caused by damage to the coronary arteries, which are majorly responsible for carrying oxygen and nutrient rich blood to the heart. Buildup of cholesterol plaque tends to block the arteries, reducing blood flow to the heart, resulting in reduced function. In some cases, damage to the coronary arteries can also occur due to other reasons, and limit the amount of blood flowing to the heart. Partial blockage results in chest pain, shortness of breath, etc, and complete blockage leads to a heart attack. The initial symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease are not prominent, with a majority of cases only being diagnosed when the conditions progresses quite a bit.
What are the symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease?
The earlier Coronary Heart Disease is diagnosed, the faster it can be treated, to prevent complete blockage. Though the symptoms can be mistaken for indigestion or heartburn, look out for persistent symptoms that appear together
- Pain or pressure in the chest
- Severe chest pain & heaviness in chest, that extends to the left shoulder, jaw, or neck
- Shortness of breath
- Faster heartbeat Nausea
- Excessive sweating
What are the causes of Coronary Artery Disease?
Some lifestyle or genetic causes put certain people at risk of Coronary Heart Disease .
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Old age
- Obesity/ Bad lifestyle
- Family History of heart disease
How can Coronary Artery Disease be prevented?
There are a few preventative measures that can be taken, to minimize the risk of developing CAD.
- Exercise regularly
- Good control of Diabetes
- Good control of Blood Pressure
- Regular checkup of Sugars, BP, Cholesterols, etc.
- Avoid smoking
- Maintain a healthy diet
How is Coronary Artery Disease diagnosed?
Though you may face a few initial symptoms, the doctor must perform a thorough medical checkup that includes various tests, depending on your case.
- Nuclear scans-Thallium
- 2 D Echocardiography
- Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography
- Catheter Angiography
- CT Scan
- Electrocardiogram (ECG)
- CT coronary angiogram
How is Coronary Artery Disease treated?
Depending on how much the condition has progressed, there are various treatments that the doctor may recommend to you.
- Improving lifestyle
- Coronary Artery /Stents
This is recommended even for all heart patients CAD irrespective of all they have been treated medically /have under gone Coronary Angioplasty/Bypass surgery. Once you have been diagnosed with CAD, the condition poses a risk at all times, which requires you to change your lifestyle. Some of these changes are maintaining a nutritious and healthy diet, exercising regularly, and practicing meditation & yoga to reduce stress.
The Heart Institute at MPCT Hospital in Navi Mumbai, India consists of highly skilled cardiologists, radiologists, and more, with years of experience in the industry. We maintain a strong focus on using the best in market technology and equipment, allowing for precise and accurate treatments at every step of the way. With a constant focus on patient care and comprehensive cardiovascular disease treatments, our approach gives each patient the highest chance of a positive outcome. Also MPCT provide the state of art facilities a very reasonable cost as compare to other multispecialty hospitals.