Anal Fissure

Anal Fissure

Quite a common condition faced by people across the world, an Anal Fissure and Piles can occur in people of any age. However, the risk of being affected by Anal Fissures decreases as a person ages, making infants and young children much more susceptible to the condition. While the Anal Fissure treatment can vary depending on the severity of the condition, it’s essential to know the symptoms and causes, in order to seek timely treatment, especially in advanced cases.

What is an Anal Fissure?

The lining of the anus, which is the opening for stool to be eliminated from the body, has a thin, sensitive lining of tissue. Sometimes, this lining may develop a tear due to various reasons such as hard stool, constipation, pressure, etc., which is called an anal fissure. This cut or tear can be superficial to deep enough, to reach the muscles underneath the skin. Even with a small fissure, the patient may experience intense pain and bleeding, as the anus is a highly sensitive part of the body.

What are the symptoms of an Anal Fissure?

Patients affected with Anal Fissures typically experience the following Anal Fissure symptoms:

  • Varying degrees of pain during and after bowel movement
  • Burning and itching sensation around the anus
  • Spots of bright red blood on the stool or toilet paper
  • Constipation, due to fear of pain during bowel movements
  • A small clump of loose skin hanging from the anus
  • Visible tearing in the anal region
  • Foul smelling discharge from the anus

What are the causes of an Anal Fissure?

There are a number of Anal Fissure causes, occurring due to trauma in the anus:

  • Passing hard or large size stools during the bowel movements
  • Chronic constipation, leading to straining of the anus during bowel movements
  • Prolonged diarrhea, occurring continuously over a period of time
  • Tearing of the anal lining during childbirth
  • Spasms in the sphincter muscles, which also delay healing
  • Types of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
  • STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) such as Syphilis, Herpes, HIV, etc.
  • Anal Intercourse or Insertion of Foreign Objects in the anus

How to diagnose an Anal Fissure?

Most Anal Fissures are easily visible, which the doctor can easily spot by visual examination. Moreover, the location also helps determine the cause, which can subsequently be treated. The doctor may use one or more of the following tests for Anal Fissure diagnosis:

  • Physical examination
  • Anoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Endoscopy

What are the treatments for an Anal Fissure?

The type of treatment recommended to you depends on the location, severity, and cause of the Anal Fissure:

  • Medication to relieve pain and soften the stool
  • Lifestyle changes such as drinking plenty of water and adding more fibre to the diet
  • Medicated creams and ointments to reduce pain and inflammation
  • Botulinum Toxin Type A injections to paralyse the Sphincter muscle to promote healing
  • Surgery for severe or chronic Anal Fissures, to reduce pain, as well as reoccurrence of the condition

What is the cost of Anal Fissure treatment?

The exact Anal Fissure treatment and surgery cost can only be determined after a thorough examination and diagnosis of your condition. The doctor recommends the best mode of treatment, depending on the severity of your condition, after which an estimated cost can be calculated. Get in touch with our experts for a treatment plan and cost of anal fissure surgery in Mumbai, India.

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